Roman Forum and Palatine Hill
Before becoming the political, administrative and religious centre of Rome, the Forum was an inhospitable marshland.
From the late 7th century CE, after the area was drained and reclaimed, several monuments were progressively built on it: first the buildings for political, religious and commercial activities, then, during the 2nd c. BCE, the civilian basilicas, where judicial activities took place.
By the end of the Republican era, the ancient Roman Forum was already fully built up so that only a few monuments were added during the Empire: the Temple of Vespasian, that of Antoninus and Faustina, the monumental Arch of Septimius Severus, the imposing Basilica of Maxentius. The last monument was the column erected in 608 CE in honour of the Byzantine Emperor Phocas.
The Palatine is the hill where, according to tradition, Romulus founded Rome in 754 BCE: the remains of huts confirm in full the details of the legend. The elevated position and the proximity to the Tiber made the Palatine very suitable for the settlement; during the Republican era it became the residential district of the Roman aristocracy.
The Emperor Augustus turned the Palatine into the official seat of power and started the construction of the Imperial Palaces, subsequently enlarged by the Julio-Claudian Emperors and by Nero. Yet it was Domitian who radically transformed the hill, by building atop the previous dwellings the majestic Flavian Palace, designed by the architect Rabirius.
Currently situated within the Palace of the Caesars is the Palatine Museum, where the most important finds of the excavations are on display.
Open every day from 8.30.
Closed 1 January, 1 May and 25 December
- Last Sunday of October to 15 February: last admission at 15.30 - exit at 16.30
- 16 February to 15 March: last admission at 16.00 - exit at 17.00
- 16 March to last Saturday of March: last admission at 16.30 - exit at 17.30
- Last Sunday of March to 31 August: last admission at 18.15 - exit at 19.15
- 1 September to 30 September: last admission at 18.00 - exit at 19.00
- 1 October to last Sunday of October: last admission at 17.30 - exit at 18.30
Colosseum/ Palatine Hill /Roman Forum: single ticketFull price: € 12,00. Reduced: € 7,50 for European Union citizens ages 18 to 25 and for European Union teachers.Free: Visitors 17 and under.
2,00 euros for single entry.tel. +39.06.39967700 (Monday - Friday 9-18 and Saturday 9-14); coopculture
: Punto Informazioni Accoglienza Turistica tel. +39.06.77400922
For security reasons all visitors and their luggage shall be screened. To facilitate the security checksplease insert any object (including mobile phone) in the bag/backpack or in the tray to be included in the X-ray.
It is confirmed the prohibition of bringing backpacks , camping , bulky bags and luggage / trolley, can be introduced medium and small size backpacks to shoulder, which must be checked, as any other bag, with metal detectors, opened and visually inspected by the Urbe Security Institute, responsible for the entrance inspection.
HOW TO REACH THE SITE
Roman Forum: Largo della Salara Vecchia 5/6
Palatine Hill: Via di San Gregorio 30
Metro: Line B stop Colosseo
Bus: n. 75, 81, 673, 175, 204; Tram 3
SERVICES AND ACCESSIBILITY
- EDUCATIONAL TOURS FOR GROUPS
- EDUCATIONAL TOURS FOR SCHOOLS
- AUDIO GUIDES
- VIDEO GUIDES
- ACCESSIBLE SITE